26 January 2012

The News - News

The News - News

The Journey of Cameras: From Obscura to Smartphone

Posted: 24 Jan 2012 11:03 PM PST

Now a day's everyone of us capture lovely moments of our lives, indiscriminately with smartphone camera. Have you ever thought about the journey of cameras and how they reached your smartphone? Here is the fascinating story of camera form 'camera obscura to the smartphone camera'.
1. Camera Obscura in 300 B.C.


The camera obscura is the first device which started the evolution of camera. This device is actually a dark room with a pin hole on the one side to enter light and produce an image inside the room. The image appeared upside down but it cannot be captured, you have to draw the image.

2. Daguerreotype in 1836


The Daguerreotype was the first successful photographic process. Louis Daguerre invented this camera in 1836 with the help of his partner Joseph Nicéphore Niépce.

Previously in the camera obscura, artists would manually trace the reflected image but in the Daguerreotype camera he used a copper plate with sliver coat to capture images.


3. Twin Lens Reflex Camera

Twin Lens Reflex or Double lens cameras were first developed around 1870. This type of cameras has two objective lenses of same focal length. The first lens is for the photographic view by which photographer view the image and another one for focusing the image.

4. Dry plate in 1871


With the invention of dry plate, it has improved the quality of images and the photographic exposure time was shortened. This new process simplified the work of photographers and helped them to take more photos. Dry plates are improved type of photographic plates invented by Dr. Richard Maddox in 1871.


5. Celluloid film in 1889

With the development of celluloid film for still photography, it became possible and easy to directly capture objects in motion in real time.

George Eastman Kodak introduced a camera called Brownie in February 1990 using the celluloid film. This camera was so popular that people were using this camera till 1960.

6. Single Lens Reflex Camera in 1933


In 1933 Exakta introduced the first single lens reflex camera using 127 mm roll film and in 1936 with 35 mm roll film.  The single lens reflex (SLR) cameras typically use mirrors and prism system allowing the photographer to view through the lens and see exactly what will be captured. This SLR technology became the main character in cameras and framed a whole new path of evolution.


7. Polaroid Instant Camera in 1948

An American scientist Edwin Land invented the first Polaroid instant camera called as Land camera in 1948. These instant cameras are capable to generate a developed film images in just 1 minute. This new invention changed the whole perception of camera industry.

8. Digital Cameras in 1988


In 1988 Fujifilm introduced the world's first digital camera 'DS-1P' and it was the beginning of the new digital era. These digital cameras can shoot continuously and store them on a digital media. Today we can see a wide variety of digital cameras from compact point and shoot digital cameras to high-end digital SLRs.


9. Mobile Phone with Camera in 2000

J-Phone is the first to implement camera in Phone successfully. J-Phone is a Japanese mobile company which introduced camera mobile in 2000 and within two years half of the Japanese were using camera mobiles. In 2003 many companies started manufacturing camera phones and in 2005 Nokia become world's most sold camera phone brand.

10.  Smartphones


Today the smartphones are making buzz in the camera world, you can find one or the other capturing photos without any limits using smartphones. These smartphone cameras are capable of capturing 1080p HD video and take 8 MP photos. Nokia N8 was the first smartphone featuring 12 MP Autofocus camera with Carl Zeiss optics lens.

HP Launches Affordable Netbook for Students

Posted: 24 Jan 2012 10:57 PM PST

HP has launched a new netbook for students and business users, the Mini 1104. The new HP Mini 1104 looks similar to other HP business netbooks and measures 10.6 x 7.5 x 0.9 inches and weighs about 1.26 kilograms.

HP Mini 1104 sports 10.1 inch display with 1024 x 600 pixels of resolution and is powered by 1.6 GHz Intel Atom N2600 dual core processor, 2 GB of DDR3 RAM, Intel GMA 3600 integrated Graphics card.
It features VGA webcam, keyboard with spill resistant (water proof), multi-touch capacitive touchpad and runs on Windows 7 Home Premium 32 bit operating system. For connectivity it has three USB 2.0 ports, Ethernet jack, VGA port, headset jack, SD card slot, Wi-Fi, HSPA+ (optional) and Bluetooth.

It is available in two models, with 3 cell battery and 6 cell battery, the company claim that the 6 cell battery can provide up to 9 hours of continues usage.

Currently Mini 1104 is available only in the U.S. market for $399, the company has not yet declared its availability worldwide.

Google Kills ‘Picnik’ and Upsets Users

Posted: 24 Jan 2012 10:53 PM PST

The photo editing service 'Picnik' is going to be slashed by Google. The company says it will cancel Picnik and will import many of its functionality to other Google properties like Google+. With the death of this online photo-editing prowess many online photo sharing services like Flickr, Facebook, Photobucket, MySpace, Webshots, Box.net, Picasa Web Albums, and Lexmark will also lose it's editing and enhancing features.

Thousand of unhappy comets poured in when Picnik website updated the news regarding its closing. A large portion of comments criticized Google's tactic to make its social networking site Google+ popular by stopping Picnik.
“I WONT USE GOOGLE+ to access picnik features,” a user named Kayla wrote. A writer identifying herself only as Amanda writes, “I am REALLY not happy about this. Picnik is one of the best web-hosting editing tools out there, and I CANNOT believe google is killing it.” One Michaela writes, “This is NOT okay with me! Picnik is my absolute favorite place to edit photos. Photography is my hobby, and I don't even post every picture I edit!”

Google is fully in a cost-saving move as it had shuttered down many other services like open-source Google Sky Map, the Needlebase data management platform, the Social Graph API, and the Urchin Web analytics product. Google new CEO LarrY Page seems to be really focused on what he said about streamlining last june “means we can double down on the really big bets like Android, Chrome, Gmail, display, and YouTube,” , “Those big bets are really paying off.”

When Picnik is at the verge of demise, another photo editing service named Aviary is trying to take Picnik's place with all the basic photo edits like crop, brightness, and contrast. This new service which is coming up with a new Facebook App has several photo filters and stickers to add personality to your pictures. The filters give your photos an in-demand retro Instagram-look, a feature which Picnik lacked.

Nokia Lumia Strikes 1 Million Sales

Posted: 24 Jan 2012 10:46 PM PST

Nokia has sold over 1 million Windows Phone based on its Lumia smartphone series in the fourth quarter of 2011, says Bloomberg. Bloomberg came up with this fact as result of a survey which was conducted on 22 different analysts, who predicted the sale of Windows Phone based Lumia smartphone in the end of 2011.

Only one among 22 analysts predicted that Nokia has sold less than 1 million Lumia smartphones in 2011, so on an average analyst sales prediction ranges between 8 lakh to 2 million. Therefore the average sale of Nokia Lumia smartphone line ups could be 1.3 million units in the fourth quarter of 2011.
Nokia Lumia 710 and Lumia 800 were launched in U.S. and Europe in October 2011. In December Lumia was shipped to India with a price tag of Rs 19,000 for Lumia 710 and Rs 29,000 for Lumia 800. Lumia 900 is the latest addition in the Lumia line up, which was launched in CES 2012; its availability and price in Indian market is not revealed yet.

Within a short period Lumia smartphones have gained the respect which Nokia had lost with Google's Android devices by other manufacturers like Samsung, LG, HTC and Motorola. Well Nokia has not commented anything on the prediction of analysts; we have to wait two more days to know the exact figures as Nokia is going announce its latest earnings on January 26.

China sent 10 billion SMS in one day

Posted: 24 Jan 2012 10:29 PM PST

Chinese mobile phone users may have sent more than 10 billion greeting messages Sunday, an expert said.

Kuang Jie, senior partner of ProKing Management Consulting, made the estimate based on the number of text messages sent by phone users during the same periods of the past two years.


Subscribers of China Mobile’s Beijing branch sent 680 million greeting messages on the Lunar New Year’s eve of 2010, while subscribers of the carrier’s Shanghai branch sent more than 900 million messages on the Lunar New Year’s eve of 2011, Kuang said.

“Considering that China’s mobile subscribers have risen by 11.5 percent year-on-year to reach 975.7 million by the end of December, I think it’s highly possible that messages sent on Sunday evening exceeded 10 billion,” Kuang said.

Short messages have become one of the most popular ways to exchange greetings during the Spring Festival holiday, a time for family reunions.

Ruby on Rails 3.2: Easy Web App Development

Posted: 24 Jan 2012 09:34 PM PST

The world of web-application development framework has a new arrival: Ruby on Rails 3.2, which is said to be quicker and more convenient for web-application developers.
The first version of the Rails framework was released in 2004 as an open-source framework that would help in the quick assembly of web pages, based on the Ruby programming language, and the framework last saw a major release in August, with the 3.1 version.

Ruby on rails

The latest version of the Rails framework has a number of improvements on the previous version the most important of which is a faster development mode as it only re-loads altered classes instead of the whole library of classes used, making a larger applications a lot faster to load.  It also has a 'tagged logger' feature which makes it convenient for a multi-user environment—developers can now filter the log of applications based on who run them. Database queries are tagged and explained, making debugging an activity that can be performed with ease. The new routing engine implemented by the framework, called "Journey", moreover is a breeze to use especially since it makes linking much faster and noticeable which would be of great help especially in cases that involve numbers like a hundred different links on each page.

While Javascript has been used by a number of websites as a result of its HTML-5 compatibility, around 226,000 websites use Ruby on Rails. Aaron Batalion, chief technology officer and cofounder of LivingSocial, which uses the framework ardently, said “We wanted to focus on the actual products we were building and less on the engineering". "Ruby on Rails is interesting because it gets out of your way”.

US Tech Salaries Climb, India Cautious

Posted: 24 Jan 2012 09:29 PM PST

If you were an average techie working with internet technology companies, your average annual salary would now be $100,000; if you were in Silicon Valley, that is.
A new study released by Dice holdings, a leading career site for technology and engineering professionals, revealed that Silicon Valley saw a boost of about 5.2 percent in the salaries of software and other engineering professionals last year alone. This means techies in the Californian Silicon Valley are now earning about $104,195 annually instead of the average $81,327.

IT Salary

The increase in pay can be attributed to the internet boom that several companies such as Facebook, Twitter, Zynga, and LinkedIn experienced last year. LinkedIn and Zynga even went public last year, and Facebook is poised to make the switch this year. According to the Wall Street Journal, a number of startups were sparked into creation by the giants' achievement.

The startups, which are on a hiring spree for software and engineers of sorts, have created a tussle for talent, and as a result of the competition, employers have to pay up, said Tom Silver, a senior vice president at Dice. On the whole, he said tech-job postings on Dice related to the Silicon Valley on Dice grew to 5,026 earlier this month, which is a 26 percent increase from the 3,974 jobs a year ago. Postings for tech-jobs across the nation rose by a meager 11 percent during the same period.

The unemployment rate in the US last year was at 8.5 percent– an all-time low since 2009, and job growth has been sluggish, with employers adding only 200,000 jobs in December, which could be attributed to the slow economic growth worldwide.

In the Indian scenario, hiring plans of firms that have counterparts abroad as well would heavily depend on their performance in India in 2012, said Kamal Karanth, managing director, Kelly Services India. Experts further believe Indian firms have learned well from the economic crisis of 2008 and are prepared for this year, said a report from the Economic Times.

While hikes in salary could be back to old trends, they don't expect hiring to be affected. Since companies must be attractive in terms of pay, Salaries of are not expected to come down according to a recent study Jeffries the global investment banking group, conducted on the Indian IT sector's hiring and payment trends. Talented professionals, according to Shine.com (a branch of HT media) will still be wanted, especially at companies' top rung.

Finally, Indian PM Tweeted

Posted: 24 Jan 2012 09:24 PM PST

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has joined Twitter to capture the attention of young Indians and inform people about the work done by his office through 140 characters on the popular microblogging site. The account attracted 10,000 followers within hours of being set up.

PM twitter

“The Prime Minister’s office is now on Twitter @PMOIndia Thank you for your support,” Manmohan Singh’s newly appointed communications advisor Pankaj Pachauri said on his own Twitter account.

Within hours of opening the account late Monday, Manmohan Singh attracted nearly 7,000 followers and written three tweets till Tuesday afternoon.

The account refers to the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) and it would be handled by his media team, PMO sources said.

The prime minister’s opponents have been criticising him for maintaining a silence over burning issues and remaining inaccessible to the media.

A close aide told IANS that the work done by his office was not being “reflected properly”.

“The Twitter account may help in sending out the information to larger, particularly young, audiences,” the aide told IANS.

His first three tweets were about a function on bravery awards. This included his picture with the winners.

“You make all of us proud…PM tells young bravehearts,” said his last tweet, which provided a link to his public speech at the bravery awards function.

PMO sources said the account was presently managed by his communication team but there was a possibility that Manmohan Singh would send out tweets personally.

The account has already invited a barrage of reactions from people. “The #PMOIndia twitter account is a brilliant attempt to tweet silence in 140 characters,” said @RoflIndian.